Aphasia can affect any of the four language modalities, including reading, speaking, listening, and writing. It is very important to remember that aphasia does not affect intelligence.
Although there are numerous aphasia types, it is generally classified into two types: Broca's (non-fluent) and Wernicke's (fluent).
- Broca's Aphasia (Non-Fluent) is the result of damage to the left frontal lobe of the brain (Broca's area). Speech output is seriously impaired. Comprehension is usually less affected. Individuals with a non-fluent aphasia will often make use of an augmentative and assistive communication (AAC) device to allow them the ability to functionally communicate while with family/friends.
- Wernicke's Aphasia (Fluent) is the result of damage to the temporal lobe. Auditory comprehension is severely impaired. The speech of patients with Wernicke's aphasia will often contain paraphasias (errors in the sequence of syllables, substituting a word for another), circumlocution (talking around a word), and jargon (fluent speech which makes little sense).
To contact our Brooklyn speech therapy office, please call 347-871-8533 or send us a message here.